Bowel cancer shall be the most treated by by means of of an operation. This is is also the most applied treatment. A cancer surgery, the tumor with a part or the entire colon removed. The degree of Removing of the (large) intestine is depends on the number, and the size of the tumor (and). It may occur that a tumor, by means of an operation is not to operate is.
It may be that during the operation a (temporary) stoma is constructed. A stoma is an output of the intestine via the abdominal wall. This is done to the healing of the intestine a greater chance. A stoma is not always applied. When sufficient 'space' to the bowel back together to connect selected for this.
After surgery a patient is on average six weeks in hospital. This period depends on your personal recovery, possible complications and general condition. When there is a large part of the large intestine has been removed, you can after the operation stool complaints have. This can be in take the form of diarrhea have been. After the complaints will decrease because your body has adjusted to the new situation.
Various surgical techniques
A tumor in the last part of the large intestine - rectum - can be in different ways be removed. At a small tumor can there for be chosen to implement this via the anus to remove it. The surgeons use this technique to the new Opera TEM. This stands for Trans Anal Endoscopic Microsurgery. The larger tumors are removed through the abdominal wall.
If a tumor too close to the orbicular muscle sits it may be necessary in order the de orbicular muscle surgically to remove it. When this has happened, it is necessary in order a stoma to to bring. In a few cases, it is even be necessary to view the entire large intestine from the body to remove it. If you have a hereditary form of colon cancer can be chosen for the preventive colon removed. In this way can there is bowel cancer be prevented.
Removing a colon is a major operation. It is called a colectomy when the rectum is not removed. Removing the entire colon is a major operation. At the moment that the whole large intestine, including the rectum, removed shall be is that a proctocolectomy. The surgeon may be in the situation of a proctocetomie an ouch to make of a part of the small intestine. This pouch is a type of collection bag that the function of the rectum about to take.